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The History of Thailand -
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The History of Thailand

2500 b. Chr. Starting from Central Asia and due to overpopulation, many groups of people moved into the Indonesian region

700 - 300 b. Chr. Archeological findings let us assume, that  unknown austral- and asian tribes have cultivated the growth of rice long before the Chinese started.

100 a. Chr. More and more Indian traders arrive in the East, looking for gold and herbs. Their influence grows and the mainland develops culturally into India, and the thousands of islands in the area are named Indonesia. The  Buddhism starts to spread.

300. The first great Dynasty of "Fu-Nan" is established.

7. -11. Century Khmer move with force from to the East to the middle of Thailand and under their influence Buddhism and Hinduism become a merged religion.


900. During the Mon-Dynasty the Buddhism art developed. The Khmer s are the founder of Angkor. During these times, the kingdom of Nanchchoao in South China blossoms, probable the first pure Thai state, pinnacle of the art of Angkor.
Ca. 1290. Few principalities of the north are building an alliance, out of this the Dynasty of the Lanna with approx. 1 Million rice fields under the reign of King Mengpai is established. The capital was named Chiang Mai. The  empire was taken by the Burmese in 1558.
1351. The Empire of Ayutthaya was founded in the south. The first king Ramathiboldi reigns as a Godking, the way the Khmer did for the past centuries. Many findings of his sacramental  duties can still be found today.
1431. Ayutthaya defeats the great empire of the Khmer from Angkor and annexed Sukhothai later on. The city developed into one of the richest and most important capital of its times. Still today, government and judicative structures can be  found within the hierarchy of Thailand.
1511. Opening of the Portuguese Embassy. Within the next 150 years, all European trading nations will establish a representation in Ayutthaya to establish and maintain relationships.. Siam becomes a world power.
1767.After a one year siege by the  arch enemy Burma, Ayutthaya is taken and destroyed.  General Taksin escaped the massacre and is crowned king in the new capital of Thonburi. The country is rebuilt fast.
1782. King Taksin’s  brilliant performances during his reign have left mentally exhausted and he is  executed due to his insanity. General Chao Phaya Chakri takes the reign and is named King Rama I of the Chakri - Dynastie and establishes Bangkok as the new capital.
1851. King Mongkut, Rama IV commences his reign,  frees Siam out of its isolation and signs contracts with European nations.
1868. the reign of the most popular King of Siam starts. He maintains close relationships with Europe  and continues to open the country to the West, which was started bis his ancestors of the Ayutthaya period. He hires European architects, expands the infrastructure, e.g. the railway system, and abolishes slavery.
1932. On June 24, a coup d’etat ends the absolute monarchy and King Rama VII signs the constitution, stating the rights of every citizen (democracy)
1939. The kingdom changes its name from Siam to Thailand or “Prathet Thai” in the local language., meaning “Land of the Free” Thailand supports  Germany, Italy and Japan during the 2nd World War, but changes the fronts just before the war ends.
1945. Thailand maintains his stand against the communism and moves closer to the western alliances.
1946. King Ananda Mahidol  was found shot in his palace in Bangkok. His younger brother Bhumipol was declared new king, Rama IX. Following this murder and declaration of a new king, the domestic policy was in turmoil and power struggles between military and civil politicians were common occurrence, followed by changing government and military revolts.
May 1992. Demonstrations are a daily occurrence on Bangkok streets, after General Suchinda was declared Prime Minister . Fraud was suspected when the poles were counted. During one of these demonstration, police and army created a bloodbath within the  civil population. Only after strong words of King Bumiphol, General Suchinda resigns and an elected civil government returns to power.
1996. 50th Coronation day of King Bhumibol, which makes him the longest reigning monarch in the world.
1997. After years of double-digit growth rates, Thailand is hit by an economic crisis of enormous proportions. Only after many reforms were implemented for the better of Thailand, the government of Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai could record a recovery.
2001. The founder of the  political party „Thai Rak Thai“ (Thai love Thai ) -   Khun Taksin Shinawatra was declared the winner of the elections on January 6 with a majority of more than 50% of all votes.